TABLE OF CONTENTS
RULES OF THE SCHEME
Rule 1. CATEGORIES OF FOREST REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL
Rule 2. DELINEATION OF REGIONS OF PROVENANCE
Rule 3. APPROVAL OF BASIC MATERIAL
Rule 4. REGISTRATION OF APPROVED BASIC MATERIAL
Rule 5. PRODUCTION OF REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL FOR ALL CATEGORIES
Rule 6. INSPECTION, SEALING AND LABELLING OF REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL
Rule 7. METHOD OF OPERATION OF THE SCHEME
APPENDIX I. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF BASIC MATERIAL INTENDED FOR THE PRODUCTION OF REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL TO BE CERTIFIED AS SOURCE-IDENTIFIED
APPENDIX II. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF BASIC MATERIAL INTENDED FOR THE PRODUCTION OF REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL TO BE CERTIFIED AS SELECTED
APPENDIX III. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF BASIC MATERIAL INTENDED FOR THE PRODUCTION OF REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL TO BE CERTIFIED AS QUALIFIED
APPENDIX IV. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF BASIC MATERIAL INTENDED FOR THE PRODUCTION OF REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL TO BE CERTIFIED AS ‘TESTED’
APPENDIX V. SPECIMEN CERTIFICATE OF PROVENANCE FOR REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL DERIVED FROM SEED SOURCES OR FROM STANDS
APPENDIX VI. SPECIMEN CERTIFICATE OF IDENTITY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL DERIVED FROM SEED ORCHARDS OR PARENTS OF FAMILY/IES
APPENDIX VII. SPECIMEN CERTIFICATE OF IDENTITY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL DERIVED FROM CLONES OR CLONAL MIXTURES
APPENDIX VIII. SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE OECD LABEL
APPENDIX IX. CERTIFICATE NUMBERS FOR LOTS OF CERTIFIED REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL
APPENDIX X. PROCEDURE FOR THE EXTENSION OF THE OECD SCHEME FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF FOREST REPRODUCTIVE MATERIAL MOVING IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE TO NON-MEMBERS OF THE OECD
APPENDIX XI. COMPLEMENTARY DEFINITIONS RELATED TO THE OECD FOREST SEED AND PLANT SCHEME
1. The object of the OECD Scheme for the Certification of Forest Reproductive Material Moving in International Trade, hereinafter called "the OECD Forest Seed and Plant Scheme” or “the Scheme", is to encourage the production and use of seeds, parts of plants and plants that have been collected, processed and marketed in a manner that ensures their trueness to name. Forest Reproductive Material covered by the Scheme and marketed under OECD certification is primarily intended for use in forestry and agroforestry. Forestry and agroforestry have multifunctional purposes. They can produce different services (e.g. erosion control, biodiversity, water infiltration, carbon storage, etc.) and goods (e.g. wood, fruit, gum, resin, cork, etc.). The propagation material for agricultural fruit plantations is excluded from this Scheme.
2. Due to the length of forest cycles and to the cost of plantations and long-term forest investment, it is essential that foresters get fully reliable information on the origin and on the genetic characteristics of the Forest Reproductive Material they will use in plantation. This Scheme meets that need by means of certification and traceability.
3. The Scheme has a major role in helping world forests adapt to changing climatic conditions. Emphasis should be made on preserving species diversity, and ensuring high genetic diversity within species and seed lots thereby enhancing the adaptive potential of forest reproductive material for future reforestation and afforestation.
4. The Scheme recognizes the interest and responsible use of biotechnology to provide for forest tree improvement. The administration of this Scheme builds on the mandatory respect of National Laws and Regulations regarding biotechnology safety. Hence it is up to the Members whether they choose to deregulate trading of biotechnology products following specific assessment or require that a biotechnology product be authorised for any intended use and identified as such. In this context, when a Member country deregulates a biotechnology product, some countries may request additional information on this biotechnology product beyond the OECD Certificate and Label at the import stage, in compliance with National Regulations.
5. Under the Scheme, reproductive material falls into four categories. These categories are applied to the reproductive material which is derived from approved basic material. Basic material is given approval by the Designated Authority.
6. There are four categories recognised in the Scheme under which reproductive material can be certified, namely:
This is the minimum standard permitted in which the location and altitude of the place(s) from which reproductive material is collected must be recorded; little or no phenotypic selection has taken place.
The basic material must be phenotypically selected at the population level.
The components of the basic material have been selected at the individual level; however evaluation may not have been undertaken or completed.
The superiority of the reproductive material must have been demonstrated by comparative testing or an estimate of its superiority calculated from the genetic evaluation of the components of the basic material.
7. There are six types of basic material recognised in the Scheme from which reproductive material can be collected, namely: Seed source, Stand, Seed Orchard, Parents of Family/ies, Clone and Clonal Mixture.
The terms used in the Scheme will be interpreted as follows:
Forest Reproductive Material
Reproductive material of genera and species of forest trees and shrubs. It includes:
Cones, fruits and seeds that are intended for the production of plants.
• Parts of plants:
Stem-, leaf- and root-cuttings, buds, scions, layers and any parts of a plant which are intended for the production of plants.
Plants raised by means of seeds or parts of plants; also includes plants from natural regeneration.
Trees from which reproductive material is obtained. The six types of basic material eligible under the Scheme are:
• Seed Source:
Trees within an area from which seeds are collected.
A delineated population of trees possessing sufficient uniformity.
- Autochthonous stand