Having regard to Article 5 b) of the Convention of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development of 14 December 1960;
Having regard to the Recommendation of the Council of 8 May 1979, on the Assessment of Projects with Significant Impact on the Environment [C(79)116];
Having regard to the Declaration on Anticipatory Environmental Policies of 8 May 1979, adopted by the Governments of OECD Member countries and of Yugoslavia at a meeting of the Environment Committee at Ministerial level [C(79)121, Annex];
Having regard to the Declaration on Environment: Resource for the Future of 20 June 1985, adopted by the Governments of OECD Member countries and of Yugoslavia at a meeting of the Environment Committee at Ministerial level [C(85)111];
Recalling in particular paragraphs 1 and 11 of the latter Declaration, in which Governments of OECD Member countries and Yugoslavia declared that they will extend the use of environmental impact assessment and appropriate economic instruments, on the one hand, and strengthen their efforts to contribute to environmentally-sound development in developing countries, on the other hand;
Having regard to the Recommendation of the Council of 20 June 1985, on Environmental Assessment of Development Assistance Projects and Programmes [C(85)104];
Mindful of the need for Member countries to take into account the possible impacts of their activities on the environment and strive for closer co-operation with developing countries;
Recognising that environmental assessment of development assistance projects and programmes can help reduce the risk of costly and potentially adverse effects on the environment;
Recognising from the experience in Member countries that a successful environmental assessment process is dependent upon effective organisation, procedures and resources;
On the proposal of the Environment Committee and the Development Assistance Committee:
I. RECOMMENDS that Governments of Member countries:
a) Actively support the formal adoption of an environmental assessment policy for their development assistance activities;
b) Examine the adequacy of their present procedures and practices with respect to implementing such a policy;
c) Develop, in the light of that examination and to the extent necessary, effective procedures for an environmental assessment process taking into account, as need be, the approach outlined in Annex I;
d) Firmly establish the responsibility for applying such procedures within each office responsible for the planning and/or implementation of development assistance projects and programmes;
e) Establish the responsibility for supervising and providing guidance on the environmental assessment process in a central office of their aid agencies;
f) Ensure that adequate human and financial resources are provided to conduct the environmental assessment process in a timely and cost-effective way; and
g) Ensure the provision of human and financial resources to developing countries wishing to improve their capability for conducting environmental assessment, taking into account all or part of the measures outlined in Annex II.
II. INVITES Member countries to exchange information on their progress in and experience with implementing environmental assessment on development assistance projects and programmes.
III. INVITES the Development Assistance Committee in co-operation with the Environment Committee to:
a) Collect further information on the way in which aid agencies of Member countries conduct environmental assessment of their development assistance projects and programmes;
b) Examine how risk assessment can be incorporated in assessing the environmental effects of certain development assistance activities;
c) Prepare a report in three years' time on all measures which will have been taken to implement this Recommendation and on pertinent activities in other international organisations.
IV. INSTRUCTS the Secretary-General to transmit this Recommendation and its accompanying Report [ENV(85)27] to competent international organisations with a view toward fostering better environmental assessment of development assistance projects and programmes by all countries.